The concept of narratives is considered an “umbrella” concept coming from philosophy and literary theory using “word-based approaches” in which narratives are stories that link together events “in time and space” and represent a way of making sense of the world” (Yanov, 2007; Bottici, 2010). Narratives are important in setting the countries goals and gaining the emotional support of the population. France when engaging in the Afghan war used the narrative, “France is engaged in NATO mission for peace and security.” This narrative was important in creating coherence, logic and emotional dimension.
Antonio Gramsci an Italian Marxist theoretician and politician talks about, how counter hegemonic narratives aren’t included in the hegemonic discourse. Basically while some narratives are used to influence foreign policy and are outward there are other narratives that are inward and used more subtly to influence policy.
After looking through narratives and reviewing theories that go into the creating of them, I find that the goal of a narrative is to create an over reaching theme that can be used to link the approaches together. Narratives are important in hegemony in creating a theme that will enable the leaders to control through emotion. It will create a thread that will allow the public to link policies with their emotions.